Most of the students think writing is very tough to deal with. They literally get scared mostly when it comes to writing an Essay. But do you know, that you can get a full score in PTE writing by following some simple techniques and templates?
Our monthly prediction file provides you with a collection of the most important questions about PTE. Before moving forward, let’s have a quick idea about what is a Prediction File?
Our Prediction file is a collection of real exam questions for the PTE Exam that may appear in future exams also. It is developed on continuous checking of the frequency of any question’s repetition in 40 PTE Centres in 12 countries. We bring a new prediction file every month and our students get an overall 60% of common questions from this file.
This July our prediction file has a more than 60% of hit rate for the PTE exam. Let’s check the most important questions from the PTE Writing section that are predicted to appear in the PTE exam in the month of July.
In PTE Writing there are 2 types of questions.
Summarize Written Text (SWT)
In the PTE exam, You can get this number of Essay & Summarize Written Text given below,
⇒If you get 2 SWT, you may get 2 Essay
⇒If you get 3 SWT, you may get 1 Essay (90% of the time you get this combination of questions)
⇒If you get 2 SWT, you may get 1 Essay
⇒If you get 2 SWT, you may get 2 Essay
Summarize Written Text is the first item of the PTE Writing section. You have to read the paragraph that will appear on the computer screen and write a summary on that. You will get 1-2 tasks on it. You will get 10 minutes per task. Time management in this task is automated. You can’t carry forward the time for one task to the next one. You will get 7 marks for per correct answer.
Time management in SWT:
Reading : 3 mins
Writing: 6 mins
Editing: 1 min
In written text, identifying the main content of the topic is very important.
The content carries 2 marks in SWT.
1 mark for the form of the sentence that should contain 5-75 words in it.
2 marks for grammar (Compound & Complex sentences)
2 marks for vocab
Here, if the content is out of the track, you get zero (0)
Techniques for Reading:
Identify the keywords= Repeated words/phrases
Don’t include the name and the years in the summary if there is different names and years in the same paragraph
Topic sentence: the main idea is found mostly at the beginning of the paragraph, supported by example/details.
Copy & paste from the paragraph ( Not using the mouse but writing exactly as in the paragraph)
Techniques for Writing:
Form compound and complex sentences adding relative pronouns like which/that/when . also use clauses
Use Semicolon (;)
Use Comma (,)
Ways to connect the sentences:
Similar – and, moreover. There are a lot, but these 2 should do the job
Contrasting – but, however. Do not use although, despite, even though, though, in spite of. Too many rules attached to it.
Cause-Effect – Something happens and as a result something happened. So, therefore, because or because of.
Adverb – moreover, however, therefore. Adverbial discourse markers need to be between 2 commas. If you are starting the sentence obviously u will just need 1 comma.
Top 10 Summarize Written Text from the July prediction file,
1. Crime rate
The Home Office’s periodic British Crime Survey estimates that the true level of crime (the sorts, anyway, which inform the official figures) is about four times that which is registered in the annual statistics. Quite often, especially in the financial services sector, businesses do not report crimes against themselves for fear of lowering their public image. Many citizens today are not insured against car theft or property loss (because they cannot afford the premiums) so they have no incentive to tell the police if they become victims. A steep statistical rise in crime can sometimes arise not from real growth in a particular type of conduct but from a new policing policy – offenses of “lewd dancing” rose by about 300 percent during 12 months in the 1980s in Manchester, but only because the zealous Chief Constable James Anderton had deployed a great many officers in gay night clubs. Sometimes the enactment of a new range of offenses or the possibility of committing old offenses in a new way (like computer offences involving fraud and deception) can cause an upward jolt in crime levels. The figures just released show a startling jump in street robbery but much of this seems to be a very particular crime: the theft of the now ubiquitous mobile phones. Conversely, if crimes like joyriding and some assaults are kept out of the categories measured in the annual statistics, as is the case, the official figures do not reflect even what is reported to the police as criminal. The way that criminal statistics are compiled by the Home Office is also relevant. From April 1998, police forces started to count crime in a way which, according to the government, will give “a more robust statistical measure”. Under the new rules, crime is recorded as one crime per victim. Some crimes, like assaults, have always been recorded in this way, so the main impact of the change will be in the area of property offences. Shop thefts, for example, were the old rules counted offenders, will now count victims. Multiple thefts from cars in a car park with a barrier were previously counted as one offense but are now counted as separate offenses.
2. Prior knowledge
What is known (prior knowledge or pre-existing knowledge) is the knowledge, skill or ability that a learner
brings to a new learning encounter. This includes all knowledge that is available before the learning event,
and which has been gathered or developed by any means, and in any situation, including both formal and,
quite often, informal learning situations. Learners need enough previous knowledge and understanding
to enable them to learn new things; they also need help making links with new and previous knowledge
explicit. It is considered to be valuable to go through a process of what has been called ‘activating prior
knowledge’. Teachers often go through this process at the beginning of a new topic. They also use
introductory strategies at the beginning of lessons which are continuations from previous lessons. In terms
of the practicalities of teaching, this is a process of making children think about the topic or remember
what has been covered already. In terms of theory, it is to do with activating particular schemas.
3. Water resource
Water is at the core of sustainable development. Water resources, and the range of services they provide,
underpin poverty reduction, economic growth and environmental sustainability. From food and energy
security to human and environmental health, water contributes to improvements in social well- being and
inclusive growth, affecting the livelihoods of billions. In a sustainable world that is achievable in the near
future, water and related resources are managed in support of human well-being and ecosystem integrity
in a robust economy. Sufficient and safe water is made available to meet every person’s basic needs, with
healthy lifestyles and behaviors easily upheld through reliable and affordable water supply and sanitation
services, in turn supported by equitably extended and efficiently managed infrastructure. Water resources
management, infrastructure and service delivery are sustainably financed. Water is duly valued in all its
forms, with wastewater treated as a resource that avails energy, nutrients and freshwater for reuse.
Human settlements develop in harmony with the natural water cycle and the ecosystems that support it,
with measures in place that reduce vulnerability and improve resilience to water-related disasters.
Integrated approaches to water resources development, management and use − and to human rights − are
the norm. Water is governed in a participatory way that draws on the full potential of women and men as
professionals and citizens, guided by a number of able and knowledgeable organizations, within
a just and transparent institutional framework.
4. American English
American English is, without doubt, the most influential and powerful variety of English in the world today.
There are many reasons for this. First, the United States is, at present, the most powerful nation on earth
and such power always brings with it influence. Indeed, the distinction between a dialect and a language
has frequently been made by reference to power. As has been said, a language is a dialect with an army.
Second, America’s political influence is extended through American popular culture, in particular through
the international reach of American films (movies, of course) and music. As Kahuna has pointed out, the
internationally dominant position of a culture results in a forceful expansion of its language. the
expansion of language contributes… to the prestige of the culture behind it. Third, the international
prominence of American English is closely associated with the extraordinarily quick development of
communications technology. Microsoft is owned by an American, Bill Gates. This means a computer’s
default setting for language is American English, although of course this can be changed to suit one’s own
circumstances. In short, the increased influence of American English is caused by political power and the
resultant diffusion of American culture and media, technological advance, and the rapid development of
5. 3D printing 3D
Madeline Gannon is a researcher, teacher at the Carnegie Mellon University School of Architecture and
Ph.D. candidate in Computational Design — but that’s not all. She is on a mission to open up the infinite
design possibilities of 3D printing to the world.“Currently you have to have a lot of technical background in
order to participate in creating things for 3D printers,” Gannon says. “There is still a huge knowledge
barrier for how we create digital models.”As the technology has advanced, prices have plummeted, and
now anyone can buy a 3D printer for a few hundred dollars, Gannon notes. However, not just anyone can
create original designs for 3D-printed artifacts.To put true creative power into the hands of any ordinary
3D printer owner, Gannon has developed an innovative new system called “Tactum.” Tactum is a new type
of software that lets users create their own unique designs for 3D printers by simply touching a projected
image. Using their innate hand gestures, someone using Tactum can poke, rub and otherwise manipulate
the projected image that will become their 3D printed object, and see it instantly change shape in response.
In keeping with the goal of democratizing the process, Gannon designed her first series of Tactum artifacts
on a surface that everyone can access freely and manipulate instinctively, that being the human body.
“My goal was to bring the digital out to the physical world and out onto your body,” says Gannon. Along with
a companion project called Reverb — which translates these user-created designs into printable
meshes — that impulse has resulted in a spectacular diversity of bracelet and necklace designs, ranging
from smooth landscapes, intricate textures and chaotic free forms to delicate geometries derived from the
19th century art of chronograph.
6. Compulsory Reburial of Human Remains
In April 2008 the British government announced that, henceforth, all human remains archaeologically
excavated in England and Wales should be reburied after a two-year period of scientific analysis. Not only
would internationally important prehistoric remains have to be returned to the ground, removing them
from public view, but also there would no longer be any possibility of long-term scientific investigation as
new techniques and methods emerged and developed in the future. Thus, while faunal remains, potsherds, artefacts and environmental samples could be analyzed and re-analyzed in future years, human
remains were to be effectively removed from the curation process. Archaeologists and other scientists
were also concerned that this might be the first step towards a policy of reburying all human remains
held in museum collections in England and Wales including prehistoric, Roman, Saxon, Viking and
Medieval as well as more recent remains
7. Technology Prediction
As far as prediction is concerned, remember that the chairman of IBM predicted in the fifties that the world
would need a maximum of around half a dozen computers, that the British Department for Education
seemed to think in the eighties that we would all need to be able to code in BASIC and that in the nineties
Microsoft failed to foresee the rapid growth of the Internet. Who could have predicted that one major effect
of the automobile would be to bankrupt small shops across the nation? Could the early developers of the
telephone have foreseen its development as a medium for person to person communication, rather than
as a form of broadcasting medium? We all, including the ‘experts’, seem to be peculiarly inept at predicting
the likely development of our technologies, even as far as the next year. We can, of course, try to
extrapolate from experience of previous technologies, as I do below by comparing the technology of the
Internet with the development of other information and communication technologies and by examining the
earlier development of radio and print. But how justified I might be in doing so remains an open question.
You might conceivably find the history of the British and French videotext systems, Prestel and Minitel,
instructive. However, I am not entirely convinced that they are very relevant, nor do I know where you can
find information about them online, so, rather than take up space here, I’ve briefly described them in a
8. Raw Honey Health Benefits
According to Dr. Ron Fessenden, MD, MPH, the average American consumes more than 150 pounds of
refined sugar, plus an additional 62 pounds of high fructose corn syrup every year. In comparison, we
consume only around 1.3 pounds of honey per year on average in the U.S. According to new research, if
you can switch out your intake of refined sugar and use pure raw honey instead, the health benefits can be
enormous. What is raw honey? It’s a pure, unfiltered and unpasteurized sweetener made by bees from the
nectar of flowers. Most of the honey consumed today is processed honey that’s been heated and
filtered since it was gathered from the hive. Unlike processed honey, raw honey does not get robbed of its
incredible nutritional value and health powers. What are some of the benefits of raw honey? It can help
with everything from low energy to sleep problems to seasonal allergies. Switching to raw honey may even
help weight-loss efforts when compared to diets containing sugar or high fructose corn syrup. I’m excited
to tell you more about one of my all-time favorite natural sweeteners today, which I hope will convince you
to eat honey more and sugarless.
9. 2014 Olympics 2014
11 February 2009 – Major athletic events around the globe – from the 2014 Sochi Olympics to an
annual powerboat race in Norwegian fjords – are striving to neutralize their carbon footprint as part of a
world-wide climate network, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) said today. The sporting
events are the latest participants to join the network, and are particularly important for inspiring further
global action on the environment, said Achim Steiner, UNEP Executive Director. “Whether carried out on
track and field or on ice and snow, sporting events ignite the spirit of achievement in thousands of
competitors and billions of spectators worldwide,” Mr. Steiner said. “It is, therefore, heartening that this
passion for excellence increasingly encompasses environmental performance, with sporting
organizations raising the bar ever higher at each and every tournament,” he added. Organizers of the 2014
Sochi Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games – to be held in a unique natural setting between the shores
of the Black Sea and the soaring snow-capped Caucasus Mountains – say they will put an estimated $1.75
billion into energy conservation and renewable energy. That investment will be dedicated to improving
transport infrastructure, offsetting greenhouse gas emissions from the use of electricity, air travel and
ground transportation, the reforestation of Sochi National Park and the development of green belts in the
10. Skip Breakfast
Skipping Breakfast Has Drawbacks – It’s no mystery why so many people routinely skip breakfast: bad
timing. It comes at a time when folks can be more occupied with matters of grooming, attire and otherwise
making themselves presentable for a new day. However, studies conducted both in the United States and
internationally have shown that skipping breakfast can affect learning, memory and physical well-being.
Students who skip breakfast are not as efficient at selecting critical information for problem-solving as
their peers who have had breakfast. For schoolchildren, skipping breakfast diminishes the ability to recall
and use newly acquired information, verbal fluency, and control of attention, according to Ernesto
Pollitt, a UC Davis professor of pediatrics whose research focuses on the influence of breakfast on mental
and physical performance. Skipping breakfast can impair thinking in adults, also. For both children and
adults, a simple bowl of cereal with milk goes a long way toward providing a sufficiently nutritious start
to the day. Green-Burgeson recommends choosing a cereal that’s low in sugar — less than five grams per
serving — and using nonfat or one percent milk. Frederick Hirshburg, a pediatrician at UC Davis Medical
Group, Carmichael, says that babies and other preschoolers rarely skip breakfast because “they’re usually
the hungriest at the beginning of the day. Breakfast then becomes more of a “learned experience” than a
response to a biological need, Hirshburg says.
If you compare between PTE essay writing and IELTS essay writing, you will find IELTS essay writing more difficult where PTE essay writing seems too easy as you can use some structured templates that make this tough item so easy. Structure doesn’t only help in terms of word limits, it also helps in timing, vocabulary, and grammar.
You get 1-2 Essay writing tasks in your PTE exam. You need to write 200-300 words per Essay. Ideal word limit is 280- 300 for 79+ and you get 20 mins per Essay. The time slot is automated for the Essay.
Importance of the item:
Write Essay solely contributes 15% score in PTE Writing.
If you get 1 Essay in the exam, you cover 15% score of the whole Exam
If you get 2 Essays in the exam, you cover a 30% score. So, It’s better to get 2 Essays in the exam to boost your writing score.
Scoring System: Marking Criteria:
In Write Essay you get 15 marks per Essay. The mark is divided into the criteria below,
Content (3): It’s the main ideas and key points of the topic. You get 0 marks if the topic is out of track. That means if it doesn’t match the content of the essay.
Form (2): It is the word limit of 200-300
Grammar (2): Use complex and compound sentences. Don’t make any grammar mistakes, as 1 mistake will cost you losing 1 mark.
Vocabulary (2): Use appropriate words and academic synonyms.
Spelling (2): 1 Misspelled word= 1 mark
Linguistic use (2): It is supported by the structure
Logical Use (2): You need to use the logical flow,(Idea > Explanation > Example > Conclude)
Time management for Writing Essay:
As the timing is automated in Essay writing, you need to manage your time.
Idea generation: 2-3 Minutes. Read the essay topic carefully.
Writing Time: 15-16 minutes.
Spelling & Grammar check: 2 Minutes
There are 3 types of Essay:
1 Topic Essay: 1 statement essay. Question type Agree or Disagree.
2 Topic Essay: Hints to identify this type of Essay are, (and/but/or/rather than/ while/ a full stop)
Problem solution questions
Creating a Topic Sentence
Obtaining 2 ideas
Strategies & Techniques:
You need to follow the structure to write an essay properly.
The importance/effect of TOPIC, which was always debatable, has now become more controversial. It can be agreed strongly upon the fact that this matter has some convincing arguments despite the contentions about it. This essay will discuss how IDEA 1 and how IDEA 2, and thus will lead to a reasoned conclusion.
At the outset, there are numerous reasons why/how TOPIC/ 1st Topic/ PROBLEM is important, but the most conspicuous one stems from the fact that IDEA 1, because/and EXPLAIN IDEA 1. For instance, the research in this area invariably shows that EXAMPLE. For this reason, the impacts of TOPIC should not be ignored.
Nevertheless, some people tend to believe that TOPIC/ 2nd Topic/ PROBLEM can be significant/ can be addressed. However, there are innumerable reasons for that, but for the most salient one is that IDEA 2 (Solution), because/and EXPLAIN IDEA 2 . As an illustration, findings of some studies reveal that EXAMPLE. Therefore, the influence of TOPIC/PROBLEM is undeniable.
After analyzing the above discussion, it can be concluded that the impact of TOPIC is significant, although ONE of the IDEAS should not be overlooked.
Top 20 Essays from the July prediction file,
1. It is argued that getting married before finishing school or getting a job is foolish. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
2. Some people think human behaviors can be limited by laws, others think laws have little effect. What is your opinion?
3. Some employers involve employees in the decision-making process of products and services. What are the advantages and disadvantages of such policy?
4. The formal written examination can be a valid method to assess students’ learning. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
5. It is often argued that studying overseas is overrated. There are many scholars who study locally. Is travel a necessary component of quality education?
There is no value to travel overseas for study, as you can be a good scholar even without leaving your home base. It is or isn’t necessary to travel overseas for a better education? Is travel an important component for a successful scholar? Some people think scholars should read books and never need to leave their home. To which extend do you agree? Explain why
6. The disadvantages of tourism in less developed countries are as great as the advantages. What is your opinion?
7. In your opinion, what are the advantages and disadvantages of extreme or adventure sports?
Nowadays, more and more people engage in dangerous activities, such as sky diving and motorcycling. Are you in favor of them? Why? Use examples to support your opinion.
8. The information revolution by modern mass communication has both positive and negative consequences for individuals and for society.” To what extent do you agree? Explain with your own experience.
9. Mass media, including TV and newspaper, have a great influence on humans, particularly on the younger generation. It has a pivotal role in shaping people’s opinions. Discuss the extent you agree or disagree. Use your own experience or examples.
10. Climate change is a concerning global issue. Who should take the responsibilities, governments, big companies or individuals?.
11. In the past 100 years, there have been many inventions, such as antibiotics, airplanes, and computers. What do you think is the most important of them? Why?
12. Should marketing in companies producing consumer goods like food and clothing, place emphasis on reputation of the company or short-term strategies like discount and special offers? Why?
13. You are given climate change as the field of study. Which area would you prefer? Explain why you pick this particular area of your study and give an example in the area you pick.
14. There are both problems and benefits for high school students study plays and works of theatres written centuries ago. Discuss and use your own experience.?
15. Large shopping malls are replacing small shops. What is your opinion on this? Do you think this is a good or bad change?
16. There are more and more situations where credit cards are used instead of cash. The idea of a
cashless society seems to be becoming more of a reality. How realistic do you think it is? What do you see as the potential benefits or problems?
17. The medical technology is responsible for increasing the average life expectancy. Do you think it is a curse or a blessing?
18. Some people point that experiential learning (i.e. learning by doing) can work well in formal
education. However, others think a traditional form of teaching is the best. Do you think experiential learning is beneficial in high school or college?
19. Should parents be held legally responsible for the actions of their children? Do you agree with this opinion? Support your position with your own study, experience, or observations.
20. Some universities deduct students’ marks if assignments are given late. What is your opinion and give your recommendations?